Cultural Differences on Raising Children

Template for Article, Videos, and Chapter Analysis
Name :
Title of Article, Video, or Chapter: Cultural Differences on Raising Children
APA citation of Article, Video, or Book: Knox Bev (2018). Cultural Difference on Raising Children. Learning psychology while you sleep.
Kaiser Barbara & Rasminsky J. S, 2020. Valuing Diversity: Developing a Deeper Understanding of All Young Children’s Behavior
MY REVIEW
Introduction
The first step to learn about children and their disabilities is to establish an evaluation and referral process. The teacher collects specific information concerning the progress and academic challenge of the child. The information can be gathered through meetings with the parent or the child. The teacher observes and analyzes the performance of the child. The evaluation and referral process helps the teacher to determine the next appropriate step to take.
After evaluating the child, the individualized education programs (IEP) will be developed. The program is developed to ensure the child with autism gets all the specialized instructions and related services. The plan comprises the specialized support and services the child will receive. The services include occupational and physical therapy, psychological services, audiology services, and speech-language pathology.
Development (Include at least one citation from the article, video, or book)
 What are the key points in this video?
The key points in this video include how different cultures raise their children. Children are raised differently in the whole world, depending on their cultures. The way a black American child is raised very different from the way a Caucasian child is raised. Similarly, the way a European child is raised is much different from how an African child is raised. The variation in how children are raised in different communities is mainly due to differences in culture. Children are taught to be true to their traditions and to be loyal to their heritage. Another key point is that child development is promoted by parental involvement.

 What did I find striking or interesting about these key points?
The most interesting thing about these points is how different cultures provided various raising systems to their children. For instance, Americans provide their children with their bedrooms and put them into care and protection of the daycare. Many British children are taken care of by the nannies, and the African children spend most of the time in the back of their parents (Knox, 2018). The African Children are allowed to nurse freely in the back of the parents with little face to face interaction but lots of body contact. Through parental involvement, child assists their children in all the cultures to discover their world.

 How relevant are the key points to my role as a teacher?
The key points in this video are very relevant to my role as a teacher since it points out how culture affects a child’s development. Teachers must understand their cultures and those of their students for them to see how family and culture influence the behavior of a child. Children bring with them to the classroom their culturally-based values, beliefs, expectations, abilities, and talents (Kaiser & Rasminsky, 2020). Therefore, it is very important for a teacher to understand the culture of the children they teach.

 What do I agree or disagree with in this article, video, or book?
I agree with the fact from this video that individuals should not assume that their culture is the only way to raise children. There are diverse cultures and ways in which children can be raised to become adults. There is no single way that is or should be considered to be the best way when it comes to child-raising.

 How has this video influenced me in thinking deeply about my values, beliefs, and assumptions?
This video has greatly influenced how I think about my culture. The video stated that no culture is better than the other when it comes to child-raising. The culture, values, and beliefs of every community are equally important; therefore, they should be upheld and respected.

 What strategies will you use to ensure the child is included in small group activities and is accepted and represented by the other children?
The best strategy to ensure children are included in small group activities what every child contributes to the class. The teacher should give the children equal opportunity to contribute something to the class irrespective of their color and culture.
Conclusion
 What new insights/discoveries have I made in relation to my role as an Early Education Teacher?
The new discovery made as an Early Education Teacher is that children in the classroom have different cultures, values, talents, and abilities. The teacher must properly understand their own cultures to understand how the children’s culture influences their behavior. The teacher must appreciate the contribution of the children in the classroom for them to feel accepted.

 How will I make use of this new knowledge in the future?
I will try to understand and learn about different cultures to ease the interaction with the children I am teaching. I will give children equal opportunity when it comes to class contribution despite their color and culture. Finally, I will encourage my children to embrace their culture, values, and beliefs.

 What further information or knowledge should I seek to expand my knowledge in relation to the contents of this video?
Further information I need to seek is how to involve parents during teaching practice. It has been stated clearly in the video that parental involvement promotes child development. Therefore, when teaching a child, their parents must be actively involved to promote their culture.

I think two things that greatly promote child development at a tender age are culture and interaction between the child and caregiver. To start with, culture determines how a child ought to behave and the language a child should speak. Through interaction with the culture, a child understands what is acceptable in the community and those that are not acceptable. Therefore, culture shapes the behavior of the child. The early exposure of children to the culture and environment impacts how the children describe themselves and how they relate with others. Culture helps in shaping the child’s identity and self-image. For instance, in North American and European nations, children describe themselves depending on their unique features. They may describe themselves depending on what they are good at (abilities). In African and Asian countries, children describe themselves depending on their social roles and relationships with others. Culture, therefore, is one of the factors that assist in child development.
Second, child development can also be influenced by the interaction with others. Children often tend to copy what they see others do. Through copying, children learn the culture and values of the community. Children mainly do interact with their parents. Through that interaction, children learn the language. The first thing a child utters is what they hear their parent says. Children also interact with their fellow at school. They interreact through playing. Most of their plays involve copying what they saw their parents or caregivers do. In their play, some children will pretend to be teachers as others pretend to be their students. In the play, some will pretend to be parents as other play the part of their children. Through these plays, children learn what they are expected of them in the community.

Research methodology chapter draft 2,000 words

“Research methodology chapter draft 2,000 words

The research carried out included the following;
* 9 semi-structured interviews with interview schedule (qualitative data analysis)
* Recorded and transcribed – pseudonyms used.
* Consent and ethics in line with data protection – confidential
* Thematic analysis carried out
Please include up-to-date references with regards to research methods showing research methods in psychology
* APA referencing.
* Third person passive style.

What this means is that I need a generic essay for Research Methods to show that 9 semi-structured interviews were carried out (DO NOT CHOOSE A TOPIC!) Just reference the academic methodology for carrying out qualitative research in this way and consider the ethical implications of consent and confidentially etc.. (and reference)

A thematic analysis was also carried out (as specified in original brief) so a paragraph or two referencing the research methods for thematic analysis and coding interview transcripts etc..

Essentially, I’m asking for a general research methods overview with references for the conducting of interviews, as with all research methods essays, it might include things like, reasons why it’s useful to carry out interviews (benefits) (referenced) and dangers of interviews (things to be aware of etc..)

Just a generic research methods essay for carrying out qualitative research and interview ethics, and doing a thematic analysis etc..

Methodology Chapter

Student’s Name
Institution
Tutor
Institution

Methodology Chapter
The methodology of research shows how the researcher intends to carry out his/her research. A customer loyalty card is essential for the successful establishment of a company. It increases customer satisfaction, thereby increasing the likelihood of repeat business. The purpose of this study is to determine the importance of providing customers with customer loyalty cards in order to compete against stiff competition in the area. The majority of the data was gathered through structured interviews and the administration of questionnaires, among other methods. The enhancement of the customer loyalty card ensures that a customer will return to a particular company or shop. The purpose of this proposal is to determine whether implementing a customer loyalty card system will facilitate the attraction of more customers to a business. One of the parameters being tested is a naming contest in which the general public is invited to vote for their favorite name. Another perimeter will be a taste test, where customers will be able to sample various featured house drinks on the sidewalk outside the future storefront in conjunction with the signing up for a loyalty card. In addition to voting on their favorite drink, the public will have the opportunity to assist in the selection of what will become the house signature drink through their votes. These factors will be considered in conjunction with the possibility of implementing a customer loyalty program. The outcome of the study will determine whether or not the system can be implemented in coffee shops.
Customer satisfaction; customer loyalty; customer loyalty card are some of the terms used in this article.

Summary of the Report

The research is being carried out by Origami Coffee, which is a locally owned coffeehouse. Because there are several coffee shops in the area, Origami Coffee may face competition from these establishments. The strategy of Origami Coffee is to provide its customers with loyalty cards in order to attract them to the shop, thereby overcoming the stiff competition. When customers make purchases, a hole is punched in the customer loyalty work and the work is returned to the company. Certain discounts or offers are made available to customers who have certain holes punched in their loyalty cards. Clients are encouraged to return to the company several times in order to receive the offer as a result of this practice. The primary goal of this study is to determine whether providing customers with a loyalty card (punch or virtual) will assist them in attracting more business to their establishment in the future. Primary data will be collected through a structured interview and analyzed statistically in order to determine correlations between the variables under consideration.

Review of the Literature

A customer loyalty card is essential for the successful establishment of a company. It increases customer satisfaction, thereby increasing the likelihood of repeat business. Numerous studies have been conducted in order to determine the significance of providing customers with loyalty cards. According to Magi (2003), many grocery consumers have a primary store where they make the majority of their purchases. It indicates that customers have preferences based on their level of satisfaction. According to the findings of the study, implementing a customer loyalty card program in a new coffee shop would increase customer loyalty while also attracting more customers to the establishment. Customer loyalty and satisfaction can be increased by providing incentives for shopping, such as increasing customer shares or offering discounts.
One advantage of semi-structured interview is that it enhances two- way communication. The interviewer asks open ended questions giving the respondents opportunity to answer to the best of their knowledge. The interview appears interested in the conversation giving the respondents morale and encourages them to keep talking. Semi-structured interview does not restrict the interviewer in the type of questions to be asked. Similarly, it does not limit the interviewer on the format of asking questions. This kind of interview allow the researcher to dig deeper by asking relevant questions therefore obtaining more reliable information they need. similarly, SSI gives the respondent opportunity to open up about sensitive information and issues (Newcomer, Hatry, & Wholey, 2015). The interviewers, in turn, are provided with the opportunity to learn answers to questions they are asking and the reasons behind the answers. This is achieved by prompting interviewees to elaborate or to expand on their answers. Semi-structured interview provides reliable, qualitative information to compare to the future and previous information. Finally, interviewers are given the opportunity to prepare questions before the actual interview which assists in guiding the discussion and keeping interviewees on topic.
Even though semi-structured interview is a suitable way to explore deeper into a subject, this interview methodology type has some limitations. Semi-structured interviews are labor intensive, time consuming, and need interviewer complexity. Interviewers are required to be nimble, poised, sensitive, and smart, as well as conversant with the relevant subject. It is difficult and time consuming to prepare, set up, conduct, and analyze semi-structured interviews. It requires much effort to do all these processes right. The interview involves the laborious job of examining large volumes of notes and sometimes several transcription hours (McIntosh & Morse, 2015). Anther limitation of SSIs is that without immense lay out of personnel and time, these types of interviews are unlikely to include samples large enough to produce precision of minus or plus percent variety. This occurs in the interviews of the members of a large group. Subsequently, for many reasons, a regulated survey of 600 respondents would be advanced to trying 600 one-hour semi-structured interviews. For some other reasons, for focus groups containing ten respondents may be much easier and more effective than carrying out a forty respondent semi-structured interview. Therefore, the interview needs to interview considerable number of people in to draw conclusions and make comparison. Similarly, it is very difficult to find an interviewer with the needed training and understanding to conduct the interview. Through early preparation of the questions to be asked, the interview can be biased.
Recording and Transcription in Semi-Structured Interviews
Basically, the researcher has questions in a paper that he or she follows to guide the interview. Because this type of interview frequently comprises open-ended questions and discussions, the conversation may deviate from the guide of the interviewer. It is therefore recommended to tape-record these open-ended interviews and transcript them later for analysis. Even though sometimes the interviewers may try to jot nots to obtain the answers of the interviewee, it is challenging to concentrate on jotting notes and conducting interview at the same time (Galletta, 2013). This style will lead to poor notes and also diminish rapport development between the respondent and interviewer. Dialogue and rapport development is vital in semi-structured interviews. Therefore, tape recording will ensure smooth flow of the conversation.
Ethical Considerations in Semi-Structured Interviews
Semi-structured interviews allow for free interaction and communication between the interviewer and respondent, in which they are allowed to communicate and express their thoughts and feelings to a certain degree. The interviewer, therefore, to pay close attention to cultural dimensions and intercultural competence during interaction and communication (Johnson & Rowlands, 2012). The competence of interculture need individuals to identify and respect the variety of various cultural backgrounds. Individuals with considerable levels of intercultural know-how always respect the variation of individuals and different patterns of the culture. They always have self-evaluation and they always understand difference between individuals. They often make their assessments and conclusions based on the dependable evidence. The interviews must assess their attitudes, believes, values, and personal biases to enhance their understanding about other people’s cultures. They must understand that their personal biases and beliefs may affect the manner in which they address or ask questions, and consequently, impact the result of semi-structured interviews (Wilson, Onwuegbuzie, & Manning, 2016). The researchers must also recognize cultural dimensions. Improper recognition of cultural dimensions may result to unpleasant outcomes and miscommunication during the process of interview. Having a high degree of cultural dimensions can be portrayed as respecting individualistic, masculine, uncertainty aversion of cultures.
Furthermore, the interviewers must respect the confidentiality and privacy of the respondents. Interviewers can sometimes dig into respondent personal areas which they did not anticipate. There is a danger for the researcher to focus on the sensational phenomena to study. Furthermore, the interviewer should avoid asking questions concerning family relationships. Here, the interviewer threaten privacy when they investigate issues the interviewer prefers to keep secret (Wilson, Onwuegbuzie, & Manning, 2016). The interview also threaten confidentiality by revealing details of the couple that were secret. Besides, the interview should not bring out issues that are sensitive to the interviewee. This may bring emotional intense to both the interviewer and respondent.
The interviewees must be provided with the informed consent prior to the commencement of the interview. The issues of confidentiality and privacy must be clearly stated in the consent. It is necessary for the respondents to know and understand the confidentiality and privacy rules before agreeing to the interview (Knaust, 2012). In some cases, the interviewers provide a process or continuous consent in which the researcher reiterate consent in the entire process of the research. The consent is important as it assures the interviewee of the confidentiality and privacy of the interview.
Thematic analysis
The main reason for embracing thematic analysis is because it aims at validation to achieve an essential view of the analysis. The validation helps the interviewer with the sequence and details of how raw information could be applied (Clarke, V., & Braun, 2014). It is mainly employed if the information is gathered based on observation depend on the attitude, visions, and feeling of the respondent. Thematic analysis is particularly suitable if the when the objective of the investigator is to test the information to find general thoughts and themes from multiple participants. The researcher allocates a narrative to the various information to acquire a distinct understanding of the thoughts of participant to express their experience.
Furthermore, the theme should portray the bulk of the information to present data when Thematic analysis is employed. Put differently, a large amount of data is needed because, whereas one statement is important, it does not portray the exact story. This is correct when the objective of the researcher is to get understanding and find the correlation between different information obtained from various groups of participants. Therefore, the researcher is required to describe and provide a large amount of information. Thematic analysis offers detailed, complex, and rich information that is compatible with the image. According to Blacker (2009), a rich description of the whole data would the reader to get the meaning of the important and predominant themes.
Conclusion
In a nutshell, the methodology of a research shows the procedure in which the study will follow. One of the methods for data collection is through semi-structured interview. This is where the interviewer is not restricted to the format or the type of information to be asked. The researcher involves themselves in a complex two-way communication with the respondent to obtain the reliable information. While carrying out a semi-structured interview, the interviewer must consider all the ethical issues. They must consider all the cultural dominions and intercultural competences. Similarly, the confidentiality and privacy of the respondent must be put into consideration.

References
Blacker, R. 2009. A thematic analysis of psychodynamically-oriented supervision of observations in an acute inpatient ward. Published thesis. University of Leicester.
Clarke, V., & Braun, V. (2014). Thematic analysis. In Encyclopedia of critical psychology (pp. 1947-1952). Springer, New York, NY.
Galletta, A. M. 2013. Mastering the Semi-Structured Interview and Beyond. New York: NYU Press,
Johnson, J. M., & Rowlands, T. (2012). The interpersonal dynamics of in-depth interviewing. The SAGE handbook of interview research: The complexity of the craft, 99-113.
Knaust, D. (2012). Methodology and techniques. In Developments in Sedimentology (Vol. 64, pp. 245-271). Elsevier.
McIntosh, M. J., & Morse, J. M. (2015). Situating and constructing diversity in semi-structured interviews. Global qualitative nursing research, 2, 2333393615597674.
Newcomer, K. E., Hatry, H. P., & Wholey, J. S. (2015). Conducting semi-structured interviews. Handbook of practical program evaluation, 492.
Sileyew, K. J. (2019). Research design and methodology. In Cyberspace. IntechOpen.
Solum, L. B. (2017). Originalist Methodology. U. Chi. L. Rev., 84, 269.
Wilson, A. D., Onwuegbuzie, A. J., & Manning, L. P. (2016). Using Paired Depth Interviews to Collect Qualitative Data. Qualitative Report, 21(10).

Importance of Loyalty Card in the Establishment for a Company

Importance of Loyalty Card in the Establishment for a Company

Student’s Name
Institution
Tutor
Course
Date

Abstract
A customer loyalty card is essential for the successful establishment of a company. It increases customer satisfaction, thereby increasing the likelihood of repeat business. The purpose of this study is to determine the importance of providing customers with customer loyalty cards in order to compete against stiff competition in the area. The majority of the data was gathered through structured interviews and the administration of questionnaires, among other methods. The enhancement of the customer loyalty card ensures that a customer will return to a particular company or shop. The purpose of this proposal is to determine whether implementing a customer loyalty card system will facilitate the attraction of more customers to a business. One of the parameters being tested is a naming contest in which the general public is invited to vote for their favorite name. Another perimeter will be a taste test, where customers will be able to sample various featured house drinks on the sidewalk outside the future storefront in conjunction with the signing up for a loyalty card. In addition to voting on their favorite drink, the public will have the opportunity to assist in the selection of what will become the house signature drink through their votes. These factors will be considered in conjunction with the possibility of implementing a customer loyalty program. The outcome of the study will determine whether or not the system can be implemented in coffee shops.
Customer satisfaction; customer loyalty; customer loyalty card are some of the terms used in this article.

Summary of the Report

The research is being carried out by Origami Coffee, which is a locally owned coffeehouse. Because there are several coffee shops in the area, Origami Coffee may face competition from these establishments. The strategy of Origami Coffee is to provide its customers with loyalty cards in order to attract them to the shop, thereby overcoming the stiff competition. When customers make purchases, a hole is punched in the customer loyalty work and the work is returned to the company. Certain discounts or offers are made available to customers who have certain holes punched in their loyalty cards. Clients are encouraged to return to the company several times in order to receive the offer as a result of this practice. The primary goal of this study is to determine whether providing customers with a loyalty card (punch or virtual) will assist them in attracting more business to their establishment in the future. Primary data will be collected through a structured interview and analyzed statistically in order to determine correlations between the variables under consideration.

Review of the Literature

A customer loyalty card is essential for the successful establishment of a company. It increases customer satisfaction, thereby increasing the likelihood of repeat business. Numerous studies have been conducted in order to determine the significance of providing customers with loyalty cards. According to Magi (2003), many grocery consumers have a primary store where they make the majority of their purchases. It indicates that customers have preferences based on their level of satisfaction. According to the findings of the study, implementing a customer loyalty card program in a new coffee shop would increase customer loyalty while also attracting more customers to the establishment. Customer loyalty and satisfaction can be increased by providing incentives for shopping, such as increasing customer shares or offering discounts.
Moreover, studies showing the importance of surveillance of customers’ consistency and discipline have also been conducted. Coll (2016) states that the customers’ management to monitor their consistency in the purchase and discipline is very important in determining their satisfaction. Close monitoring of the clients is essential as it helps the company determine the frequent customers to offer them a fair deal to enhance their satisfaction. As such, a loyalty card system would ensure customers return to the shop. Also, monitoring returning customers’ frequencies may provide their satisfaction levels with the coffee shop’s services. The benefits provided by the cards would increase the customer base.
Additionally, consumer behavior and loyalty card system are essential factors in designing marketing plans. Moore and Sekhon (2005) illustrate a weak correlation between consumer behavior and the coalition loyalty card system. They suggest that loyalty card structures have a minimal chance of affecting the action of the clients. The consumers are willing to make joint attempts to earn points. As such, this study is essential to identify whether the introduction of a loyalty card program would affect customer behavior and contribute to increased sales and loyalty. The cards may entice and encourage customers to make a repurchase at the coffee shop.
Besides, loyalty card rewards impact customer satisfaction. According to Demoulin & Zidda (2008), loyalty cards are the most operative when the customers understand and respect their benefits. They researched the extent to which rewards of the loyalty cards impact the satisfaction of clients. The article states the importance of making known to the customers the rewards associated with the loyalty card. Based on this study, informing customers of the benefits attached to their card may increase their satisfaction levels, which is crucial in retaining customers. Thus, letting potential customers know the rewards associated with the loyalty card is postulated to attract them to the business.
Moreover, loyalty cards provide various benefits and risks. According to studies by Everett (2009) on businesses that offer loyalty cards, she argues that cards have several risks and rare benefits. Both the customers and business owners must understand the benefits and risks associated with loyalty cards. Similarly, the handbook for the entertainment, Media, and advertising market research outlines a variety of areas comprising internet properties, providers of mobile services, multichannel operators, advertisers, advertisement agencies, newspapers, film studios, social networks, magazines, and multichannel operators (Miller & Washington, 2019-2020). However, although the cards satisfy all the non-repudiation, unforgeability, and double-spending requirements, the system does not fulfill the theft protection requirements (Cuennet, Pouly, & Radomirović, 2015). Thus, data collected from the loyalty card system would identify market trends and help design marketing strategies to attract more customers to the franchise.
Methodology
The study will be quantitative, which will use a survey to gather data for statistical analysis. The survey will be conducted in the local area regarding the initiation of a loyalty card system. The survey will be carried out twice in two weeks. The respondents in the study will be selected randomly from the town where the coffeehouse will be situated. As the business is located in an area dominated by three coffee shops, customer satisfaction with the existing coffee shops will be assessed. The question examining the participants’ feelings in case the loyalty card is provided must also be included in the questionnaire. Finally, the collected data will be analyzed through ANOVA and correlation analysis to determine if offering a loyalty card (virtual or punch) will help draw business to their establishment.
Specific activities
The coffee shop will conduct specific activities to gather feedback from customers. It will conduct taste tests, where several selections of planned featured house drinks on the sidewalk of the future storefront in conjunction with loyalty card sign-up. Another activity will be the naming test, where the public will vote on their favorite drink and have the opportunity to help pick what will become the house signature drink based on their votes. The public can suggest names for the house special, which will be posted on the coffeehouse website, with the people having the opportunity to vote for their favorite title. Also, the coffee shop will request customers to join their mobile notification program, and they will receive text message notifications on each week’s specials to loyal customers.
Rationale
The study is carried out to determine how the purchase can be maximized in the newly opened coffeehouse. It determines the activities that the store owners should conduct to ensure customer satisfaction and loyalty. The approach under analysis provides loyalty cards to customers to assess whether they will result in increased customer loyalty.
Recommendations
The first recommendation is to provide proper and sufficient supervision and monitoring to customers possessing loyalty cards to ensure their accountability. Tracking of customer cards will prevent transferability of the card to other people. Moreover, it is vital to securely store customer’s information to prevent access by a third party (Cuennet, Pouly, & Radomirović, 2016). Protecting customer information prevents malicious people from using it for purposes other than the intended one.
Conclusion
In a nutshell, customer loyalty cards are a fundamental approach used by firms to enhance customer satisfaction. It ensures the loyalty of the clients, therefore, enhancing repurchase. Several studies have been conducted to justify the importance of customer loyalty. Many of them believed that loyalty cards entice the clients to purchase repeatedly in the company. When the clients understand and respect the rewards linked in the customer loyalty card, they will keep buying in the same shop or company to earn the offer or deal. In this research, data will be collected mainly through structured interviews and questionnaires.

References
Coll, S. (2016). Discipline and Reward: The Surveillance of Consumers through Loyalty Cards. Geschichte und Gesellschaft, 42(1), 113-143.
Cuennet L., Pouly M., Radomirović S. (2016) Guided Specification and Analysis of a Loyalty Card System. In: Mauw S., Kordy B., Jajodia S. (eds) Graphical Models for Security. GraMSec 2015. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 9390. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29968-6_5
Demoulin, N. T., & Zidda, P. (2008). On the impact of loyalty cards on store loyalty: Does customer satisfaction with the reward scheme matter? Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 15(5), 386-398.
Everett, C. (2009). Loyalty cards: The risks and rewards. Infosecurity, 6(5), 17-19.
Magi, A. W. (2003). Share of wallet in retailing: The effects of customer satisfaction, loyalty cards, and shopper characteristics. Journal of Retailing, 79(2), 97-106.
Miller, R. K., & Washington, K. (2019-2020). Entertainment, Media & Advertising Market Research Handbook. RKMA Market Research Handbook Series, 16, 179-182.
Moore, G., & Sekhon, H. (2005). Multi-Brand Loyalty Cards: A Good Idea. Journal of Marketing Management, 21(5-6), 625-640.

TOPIC: Mental Health Treatment Plan

TOPIC: Mental Health Treatment Plan

SUBJECT: Psychology

DESCRIPTION:
Scenario: You are a Clinical Mental Health Counselor working in a Community Mental Health Agency. You are currently seeing Brigitte, an 18-year old adopted Native American female who is accompanied to a therapy session by her mother, Elizabeth, who is European American. Brigitte was a senior at the public high school but has recently stopped attending school. Elizabeth met her husband, who is Israeli, 13 years ago while visiting Israel. After living in Israel for five years, Elizabeth and her husband moved to the United States and adopted Brigitte when she was 11-years old. Elizabeth reported that she filed for divorce from her husband eight months ago after he was caught having an affair. Elizabeth speaks softly and sobs throughout the session as she describes how distraught she is by “my daughter’s behaviors”, which began happening one year ago. According to Elizabeth, Brigitte has been stealing and acting oppositional and defiant towards authority figures. For example, Brigitte continually yells at her adoptive parents, teachers, and her boss at work. After working at a local clothing store for two years, Brigitte was fired from her job six months ago for being combative with her boss. Brigitte also recently got into a physical altercation with a classmate. In addition, Brigitte has been experiencing difficulties falling asleep, reports having nightmares, and appears to be nervous most of the time. Elizabeth describes Bridgette as irritable, “always on edge”, and lethargic for most of the day (or she often sleeps through the day unless she has school or work). Elizabeth is particularly worried that now that Brigitte no longer has a job or school to attend, she will become even less productive. When you ask for Brigitte’s input, she rolls her eyes and sighs, but she also reports that there is “some truth to what my mom says”. Brigitte reports that she dropped out of school recently because her grades had dropped so significantly and she no longer had a desire to go to college. She states that she was an “A” student but over the last year struggled to maintain passing scores. Brigitte reports she has also been isolating herself from friends and fellow classmates. She describes herself as a very social and outgoing person who always maintained many friendships; however, recently she has isolated herself and withdrawn from any social activity. She describes spending most of her evenings at home watching TV. She states she feel hopeless in terms of what her direction her life is going – particularly her career options. Her mother expresses significant concern about her future, particularly getting another job, and states she wants to support Brigitte financially but because of the pending divorce is unable to do so. Brigitte’s mother also mentions not knowing for how long she will be able to pay for sessions as her husband has “nearly stopped” giving her money. She stated, “I have to constantly beg him to help us pay for our food.” Elizabeth also reports that all their belongings, including the company they owned, the home, and the bank accounts, were moved by her husband to his brother’s name. Elizabeth states, “as a result, I have nothing left in this world except our child…The lawyer told me that in all likelihood I won’t get anything…especially since Brigitte is an adult.” Brigitte denies suffering from any medical conditions, or having been hospitalized for any mental health or physiological issues. Brigitte also denies drinking alcohol or engaging in recreational drug use. During the session Brigitte was alert to person, place, and time. Her speech was coherent, although at times there was incongruence between the content of what was spoken and her affect. Bridgette did not endorse any suicidal or homicidal ideation. Directions: Please compose a well-written and organized 6 – 8 page essay in response to the following questions. Use the most current APA Style, write clearly and concisely, cite appropriate and current literature (empirical and/or theoretical), and be sure to demonstrate your multicultural and ethical competence. Assessment: Identify the assessments you would conduct to enhance your understanding of Brigitte’s problems and explain how they would direct your diagnostic formation. Be sure to include at least one career assessment. Diagnosis: Develop a provisional diagnosis– Give a DSM diagnosis. Clarify your diagnostic considerations by indicating why you are considering these possible diagnoses, using specific evidence from the vignette. Theoretical conceptualization: Describe and apply a specific counseling theory that you would use to conceptualize the case example. Include a brief description and primary concepts of the theory. Using your selected theory, provide a theoretically grounded case conceptualization for the client (i.e., explain the client’s background and presenting concerns in the context of the required theoretical framework). Theoretically Grounded Treatment Planning: Using the treatment plan template below, develop a brief therapeutic treatment plan for the client based upon your theoretical conceptualization above (e.g., two measurable goals for treatment and corresponding objectives and interventions). Please make sure the treatment plan is consistent with the theory you identified above. Be sure that the treatment plan addresses career planning and vocational goals, in addition to other primary concerns you have identified. Ethics and Diversity: Identify the ethical and/or legal dilemmas introduced in this vignette. Given the client’s ethnicity and background, explain what factors or cultural considerations you would take into account in rendering diagnoses, case conceptualization, and treatment planning. Your response should provide empirical evidence with appropriate citations to support your choice of assessments, diagnosis, theoretical framework and the treatment plan that you are recommending for use with this client. Make sure you write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

Design your own working memory test by creating a list of items

TOPIC: PS 200 DIS 4

SUBJECT: Psychology

TYPE: Essay

DESCRIPTION:
Design your own working memory test by creating a list of items (it can be anything you like such as digits or words) and test someone’s working memory using your list. Alternatively, you can ask someone else to create a list of items and test your working memory. Discuss the working memory task you used and the results you obtained. Provide a real-world scenario when you might use your working memory. Remember to support your discussion of working memory with information from the unit’s Readings

Mean Creek (2004) R

TOPIC: Outline

SUBJECT: Psychology

DESCRIPTION:
Mean Creek (2004) R | 90 min | Crime, Drama 7.3 Rate this 12345678910 7.3/10 X 74 Metascore When a teen is bullied, his brother and friends lure the bully into the woods to seek revenge. Director: Jacob Estes | Stars: Rory Culkin, Ryan Kelley, Scott Mechlowicz, Trevor Morgan must make it related on theories of law of PSY EXAMPLE of Outline Psychology Writing Center How to Make an Outline What is an Outline? An outline is a formal system used to think about and organize your paper. For example, you can use it to see whether your ideas connect to each other, what order of ideas works best, or whether you have sufficient evidence to support each of your points. Outlines can be useful for any paper to help you see the overall picture. There are two kinds of outlines: the topic outline and the sentence outline. • The topic outline consists of short phrases. It is particularly useful when you are dealing with a number of different issues that could be arranged in a variety of ways in your paper. • The sentence outline is done in full sentences. It is normally used when your paper focuses on complex details. The sentence outline is especially useful for this kind of paper because sentences themselves have many of the details in them. A sentence outline also allows you to include those details in the sentences instead of having to create an outline of many short phrases that goes on page after page. Both topic and sentence outlines follow rigid formats, using Roman and Arabic numerals along with capital and small letters of the alphabet. This helps both you and anyone who reads your outline to follow your organization easily. This is the kind of outline most commonly used for classroom papers and speeches (see the example at the end of this paper). There is no rule for which type of outline is best. Choose the one that you think works best for your paper. Make the Outline 1. Identify the topic. The topic of your paper is important. Try to sum up the point of your paper in one sentence or phrase. This will help your paper stay focused on the main point. 2. Identify the main categories. What main points will you cover? The introduction usually introduces all of your main points, then the rest of paper can be spent developing those points. 3. Create the first category. What is the first point you want to cover? If the paper centers around a complicated term, a definition is often a good place to start. For a paper about a particular theory, giving the general background on the theory can be a good place to begin. 4. Create subcategories. After you have the main point, create points under it that provide support for the main point. The number of categories that you use depends on the amount of information that you are going to cover; there is no right or wrong number to use. By convention, each category consists of a minimum of two entries. If your first category is Roman numeral I, your outline must also have a category labeled roman numeral II; if you have a capital letter A under category I, you must also have a capital letter B. Whether you then go on to have capital letters C, D, E, etc., is up to you, depending on the amount of material you are going to cover. You are required to have only two of each numbered or lettered category. Copyright 1997, University of Washington outline.pdf Box 351525 psywc@uw.edu (206) 685-8278 University of Washington Psychology Writing Center http://www.psych.uw.edu/psych.php#p=339 The completed outline could look like this: Television and Children’s Violence I. Introduction A. Does television cause violence? 1. Brief mention of previous areas of research 2. Identify causation dilemma B. Present studies on both sides 1. Some studies are “for” 2. Some studies are “against” C. After weighing evidence it appears that TV does not cause violence II. Research “For” A. First study “for” 1. Method 2. Results 3. Analysis of their conclusions a. insufficient sample size b. but representative sample B. Second study “for” 1. Method 2. Results 3. Analysis of their conclusions a. faulty instructions b. poor control group III. Research “Against” Copyright 1997, University of Washington Box 351525 psywc@uw.edu (206) 685-8278 outline.pdf University of Washington Psychology Writing Center http://www.psych.uw.edu/psych.php#p=339 A. Study “against” 1. Method 2. Results 3. Analysis of their conclusions a. Perfect controls b. No unwarranted generalizations B. Second study “against” 1. Method 2. Results 3. Analysis of their conclusions a. Large sample size b. Real world setting c. But typical problems with external validity IV. Conclusion A. Studies “for” all have poor methodology B. Studies “against” all have good methodology C. Research doesn’t support that TV causes violence D. More research needed Keep Your Outline Flexible Box 351525 psywc@uw.edu (206) 685-8278 Although the format of an outline is rigid, it shouldn’t make you inflexible about how to write your paper. Often when you start writing, especially about a subject that you don’t know well, the paper takes new directions. If your paper changes direction, or you add new sections, then feel free to change the outline– just as you would make corrections on a crude map as you become more familiar with the terrain you are exploring. Major reorganizations are not uncommon; your outline will help you stay organized and focused. However, when your paper diverges from your outline, it can also mean that you have lost your focus, and hence the structure of your paper. How do you know whether to change the paper to fit the outline or change the outline to fit the paper? A good way to check yourself is to use the paper to recreate the Copyright 1997, University of Washington outline.pdf University of Washington Psychology Writing Center http://www.psych.uw.edu/psych.php#p=339 Box 351525 psywc@uw.edu (206) 685-8278 outline. This is extremely useful for checking the organization of the paper. If the resulting outline says what you want it to say in an order that is easy to follow, the organization of your paper has been successful. If you discover that it’s difficult to create an outline from what you have written, then you need to revise the paper. Your outline can help you with this, because the problems in the outline will show you where the paper has become disorganized.

TOPIC: Human Development

TOPIC: Human Development

SUBJECT: Psychology

TYPE: Research Paper

DESCRIPTION:
Observe or interview a child or adult in the age range of interest to you. You should have observed or conducted an interview at least three times during the duration of this course. The person you observed or interviewed should not be a family member. Each observation or interview should have lasted 30-45 minutes. In 1,000-1,250 words, including the following in your case study. Give a brief physical description of the person observed. (Someone in middle-adulthood) Discuss the cognitive, social, moral, and emotional development of the person observed, using concepts and terms studied in this course. The Developmental Milestone Chart that has been created during this course will help in the completion of this assignment. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required. This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion. You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center. This benchmark assignment assesses the following programmatic competencies: 1.3: Describe applications of psychology. Please use the textbook as a reference. Belsky-Experiencing Lifespan

TOPIC: Chart of developmental milestones

TOPIC: Chart of developmental milestones

SUBJECT: Psychology

DESCRIPTION:
I do not know how many words the assignment needs to be. So, please be aware of that. Construct a chart (or a visual of your choosing, Word table, Excel chart, etc.) of age-related developmental milestones. Theorists who MUST be included at each appropriate age level are Piaget, Kohlberg, Bandura, Vygotsky, Erikson, Mahler, and Jung. Other theorist of your choosing should also be included (minimum of three). Your visual should include: Describe the essential developmental features of each age category. Discuss concerns or issues pertinent to each age category. NOTE: Place more emphasis on the age group with which you work or aspire to work. Use four to six scholarly resources with an APA-formatted reference page. (Middle-Adulthood) While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion. You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center. This benchmark assignment assesses the following programmatic competencies: 1.1: Describe key historical perspectives and theories in psychology and 1.2: Differentiate among current perspectives and theories in psychology.